Our fundamental human needs
A cognitive bias is a systematic error in thinking that affects the decisions and judgments that people make.
What Causes Cognitive Biases?If you had to think about every possible option when making a decision, it would probably take a lot of time to make even the simplest choice. Because of the sheer complexity of the world around us and the amount of information in the environment, it is necessary sometimes to rely on some mental shortcuts that allow us to act quickly.
Cognitive biases can be caused by a number of different things, but it is these mental shortcuts that often play a major contributing role. These mental shortcuts are known as heuristics, and while they can often be surprisingly accurate, they can also lead to errors in thinking. Social pressures, individual motivations, emotions, and limits on the mind's ability to process information can also contribute to these biases. (info from here)
Common cognitive biases
The four tendencies
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Gretchen Rubin devised the “Four Tendencies” framework to describe how a person responds to inner and outer expectations. By getting to know your tendency you can find ways to harness the strengths and discover how you can really get things done.
The 21 day project - Gretchen Rubin
Day 1: Write your personal commandments
Day 2: Ask yourself the five fateful questions:
What am I waiting for?
What would I do if I weren’t scared?
What steps would make things easier?
What would I do if I had all the time and money in the world?
What is the worst, and the best, that could happen?
Resolve to: “Ask the five fateful questions”—they’ll give you some insight into what might be holding you back.
Day 3: How well do you know yourself, ask yourself these questions:
If something is forbidden, do you want it less or more?
Is there an area of your life where you feel out of control? Especially in control?
If you unexpectedly had a completely free afternoon, what would you do with that time?
Are you comfortable or uncomfortable in a disorderly environment?
Are you motivated by competition?
Do you find it easier to do things for other people than to do things for yourself?
How much TV do you watch in a week (and yes, this includes computer time spent watching videos, movies, YouTube)?
Are you a morning person or a night person?
What’s more satisfying to you: saving time or saving money?
Do you like to be in the spotlight?
Is your life “on hold” in any aspect? Until you finish your thesis, get married, lose weight, move to a new city?
What would you do if you had more energy?
If you suddenly had an extra room in your house, what would you do with it?
If at the end of the year, you’d accomplished one thing, what’s the one accomplishment that would make the biggest difference to your happiness?
The process of answering these questions is meant to help spur ideas for possible change. I often find that once I start paying attention to an area of my life, it becomes natural to make helpful alterations in my everyday habits.
Resolve to: Ask yourself “How well do I know myself?”—and try to answer questions that will help you grasp your own nature.
Day 5: Are you a radiator or a drain?
We’d all like to be radiators—but are we? Here are some questions to consider:
WOOP my life - Woop exercise to get things done
THE 5 LOVE LANGUAGES
36 questions to fall in love with anyone
This is meant to be something you do with someone else - but I would encourage you to ask those questions to yourself and get to know yourself a little better.
VIA Character strengths survey
HUMAN DESIGN THINKING